Botox and other related drugs are used several million times yearly by cosmetic surgeons to smooth out facial skin and produce a more youthful appearance. The injections involve a simple procedure and can be performed in a medical office setting. The procedure and the drug are considered to be quite safe, yet there are numerous potential side effects that can be harmful and a few that can be very serious.
Botox is a brand name of diluted botulinum toxin which is a potentially dangerous bacterium that can be fatal in large doses. Cosmetic surgeons use Botox and related brands such as Myobloc and Dysport to treat facial skin wrinkles and signs of premature aging. Facial skin wrinkles are often caused by overactive muscles. learn more about contour rx here Botox, when injected into the facial muscles, causes the muscles to relax and weaken. The facial skin smoothes out which produces a more pleasant appearance. However, the effect is temporary, typically lasting 4 to 6 months. Injections must be repeated several times per year to maintain the effect. The typical cost per injection is $350 to $500.
In addition to the cosmetic benefits, Botox has also been found to be effective in some people to combat migraine headaches, excessive sweating, and various muscular spasms. Botox was approved by the FDA for cosmetic uses in 2002. Some other uses for Botox, though not approved, include treatment of Parkinson’s disease, cerebral palsy, and multiple sclerosis.
The most common minor side effects are headaches and a flu-like syndrome. A brief study revealed headaches occurring about 13.3% of the time, nausea in 3.0% of cases and flu symptoms in 2.0% of patients. Also, eyelid drooping, caused by an injection too close to the eyelid, was a complaint 3.2% of the time. While most minor side effects wore off in 7 to 10 days, the eyelid drooping could last up to 6 weeks before the eye returned to normal. Double vision was also an associated side effect. Additionally, respiratory and swallowing problems occurred in about 3.5% of cases. Since the botulinum toxin is an active bacterium, a large dosage can migrate to other muscles such as the diaphragm, causing it to weaken and resulting in breathing problems. Again, these effects are temporary and generally wear off in a week or two.
However, the respiratory complications from the drug can lead to much more serious consequences. A watchdog group called
Botox is a trademarked brand name for Boltulinum Toxin Type A, a deadly Botulism, originally created by the Allergan Compnay. In small doses it can be injected into the body to treat the appearance of wrinkles. It acts as a paralyzing agent and actually numbs the muscles that cause the wrinkles, resulting in smooth skin. The effects are temporary and last a few months but they make the skin look tighter and younger.
The most common side effects of botox cosmetic are often as a result of the injection. Some people find they get a discoloration at the point of injection, and occasionally, a sore might develop on the white of the eye. This is called Corneal Ulceration. Eyelid droop is another side effect that can occur in some cases. When the injection is given to to eye area, there is a risk the upper eyelid can droop temporarily. The severity can vary from being hardly noticeable to a visible droop.
One of the most common causes for side effects is the delivery of the injection and the environment it is given to the patient. Botox injections administered by unqualified practitioners can result in localised pain, infections, swellings, redness, bruising or bleeding. So it is very important that the botox injections are administered in sterile conditions. Patients with certain neuromuscular disorders such as ALS, Myasthenia Gravis, or Lambert-Eaton syndrome may encounter serious side effects. If you have any doubts, you should always consult your own doctor before having any treatment.
If you have an infection or existing skin condition, it is unadvisable to have botox treatment, especially if the injection site is close to the infected area. So if you have a skin irritation around your mouth area, you would be unwise to have botox injections in the upper lip for example. If you have any allergies to the botox ingredients, the side effects could be quite severe. It is recommended to have separate tests to determine whether you have any allergy prior to treatment.
If you are on any type of medication, you should seek medical advice from your own doctor before you have botox treatment. Some medication can react with Botox and increase the risks of side effects. Examples include antibiotics such as gentamicin, tobramycin, clindamycin, and lincomycin. Also, treatments for treat heart rhythm problems such as quinidine, and treatments for myasthenia gravis or Alzheimer’s disease.
Although there is no evidence to suggest botox could harm an unborn child, it is always recommended that pregnant women, or women who are breast feeding, should avoid haveing botox treatment.
analyzed data that was voluntarily reported by the drug makers to the FDA. The analysis of the FDA data showed that between 1997 and 2007 there were 180 reported severe cases resulting from injections. Hospitalization was required in 87 cases and 16 cases resulted in death. Since the data came from voluntary reports the estimate is that the data may represent only 10% of all cases.